Apr> Easter Vigil
EASTER VIGIL – SUNDAY OF THE RESURRECTION OF THE LORD
Place: PCF Main Chapel
(C) Main Celebrant: FEB
(MC) Master of Ceremony:
Lectors & Psalmists:
8th Reading (NT)-
Psalm 8 (Alleluia)-
[in case of necessity, at least three
readings from the OT should be read; the reading from the book of Exodus (3)
cannot be omitted. ]
• (th) thurifer –
• (bo) inscense boat bearer –
• (cb) candle bearers –
• (cr) cross bearer –
• (ms) main servers –
The Rite: (adapted for PCF)
1. Lucernarium (Blessing of the Fire & Preparation of the Candle)
– Lights in the chapel are switched off. The people gather together in a suitable gathering place outside the chapel.
– C and servers take positions so that the fire is between them and the church. Cc and other ministers stand in line on each side of the fire. The faithful gather around.
– C and the faithful sign themselves with the cross. Then, C greets the faithful and instructs them about the vigil.
– C with hand extended says the prayer for the blessing of the fire and he blesses the fire.
– cb brings the Paschal Candle to C.
– C using a stylus then cuts a (1) cross into the candle. Then he engraves the (2) Greek letter Alpha above the cross, (3) the letter Omega below, and (4) the four numerals of the current year between the arms 2 0 # #, saying meanwhile: (1) Christ yesterday and today, the Beginning and the End, (2) the Alpha, (3) And the Omega, (4) All times belongs to him, and all the ages, to him be glory and power, through every age and forever. Amen.
– C then inserts five grains of incense into the candle in the form of the cross, saying: 1. by his holy, 2. and glorious wound, 3. may Christ the Lord, 4. guard us, 5. and protect us. Amen.
– C lights the Easter Candle from the new fire, saying: “May the light of Christ…”
– th gets burning coals from the fire and places them on the thurible, and together with bo approach C. C then puts incense into the thurible and blesses the incense in the usual way and a procession forms.
- C takes hold of the Paschal Candle.
– th precedes C who carries the Paschal Candle, then the altar servers, Cc and the faithful follow, holding in their hands unlit candles.
– At the door of the church C raising up the candle says: “Lumen Christi”/ “The Light of Christ”, and all respond: “Deo gratias”/ “Thanks be to God”. Then Cc and the other ministers light their candles from the flame of the Paschal Candle.
– The Procession moves forward to the middle of the church. C raises up the candle again says: “Lumen Christi”/ “The Light of Christ”, and all respond: “Deo gratias”/ “Thanks be to God”. Cc and the other ministers pass the flame from the Paschal Candle to light the candles of the rest of the faithful.
- The procession advances, C arrives before the altar, standing facing the people, he raises up the Paschal Candle and says a third time: “Lumen Christi”/ “The Light of Christ”, and all respond: “Deo gratias”/ “Thanks be to God”.
- C then places the Paschal candle on the candle stand prepared next to the ambo or in the middle of the sanctuary.
– Lights are lit throughout the church, except for the altar candles.
3. Easter Proclamation (Exsultet)
- C proceeds to his chair. All present remain standing for the Exsultet, holding lighted candles.
- th and bo approach C. C puts incense into the thurible and blesses the incense in the usual way.
– The Easter Proclamation may be made by the celebrant himself, or by another concelebrating priest, or by a lay cantor (omitting “Therefore, dearest friends…” up to the end of the invitation, along with the greeting “The Lord be with you”). Preceded by th and bo, he goes to the Ambo. After incensing the book of the Exsultet, and the Paschal candle with three double swings, he proclaims the Exsultet at the ambo. th and bo remain near the ambo.-At the end of the Exsultet, all hand candles are extinguished and set aside. All sit.
4. Liturgy of the Word
– C instructs the people with the given or similar words: “Dear Brethren, now that we have begun our solemn vigil…” The readings follow.
– in this Vigil, the mother of all Vigils, there are nine Readings (7 from the OT, one Epistle from the NT, and the Gospel), all of which should be read so that the character of the Vigil, which demands an extended period of time, may be preserved. (Except for serious pastoral circumstances, the number of OT readings may be reduced. at least 3 readings should be read from the OT together with their respective Responsorial Psalms. Exodus 14 with its canticle can never be omitted.)
– A reader goes to the ambo and proclaims the reading. Afterwards a psalmist or a cantor sings or says the Psalm with the people making the response. Then all rise. C says, “Let us pray” and, after all have prayed in silence, he says the prayer corresponding to the reading.
– after the last OT Reading with its responsorial and its prayer, C intones the hymn “Gloria in excelsis Deo”/ “Glory to God in the highest” and Church bells and other bells are rung joyously by ms.
– the altar table is covered, the altar candles are lit from the Easter candle’s flames, and is adorned by flowers by the ms.
– after the singing of the Gloria, C says the Collect in the usual way.
– then, all sit and the 8th reader proclaims the Epistle from the Apostle (Rom. 6,3-11).
7. Alleluia and Gospel
– after the Epistle has been read, all stand, then C solemnly intones the Alleluia three times, raising his voice by a step each time, and all respond “alleluia”. Alternatively, a Cantor/Psalmist standing at the lectern or from the choir may intone the solemn Alleluia. Then the Cantor/Psalmist proclaims Psalm 118 with the people responding “Alleluia”.
– Meanwhile, th and bo approach C. In the usual way, C puts incense on the thurible and blesses it. At the Proclamation of the Gospel candles are not carried but only th leads the procession to the Ambo. On this night, the Easter Candle suffices to honor the risen Lord in the Gospel.
– Gospel: (A) Matthew 28:1-10; (B) Mark 16:1-7; (C) Luke 24,1-12
– Homily, even if brief, is not to be omitted.
9. The Blessing of Water
– After a brief period of silence, C introduces the faithful to the blessing of water saying: “Dear brothers and sister, let us humbly beseech the Lord our God…”
- After a brief pause in silence, C proclaims with hands extended the prayer: “Lord our God, in your mercy…” All respond: “Amen”
10. Renewal of Baptismal Promises
- After the blessing of water, all stand, holding lighted-candles in their hands, and renew the the promise of baptismal faith.
- C addresses the faithful and all respond.
- And C concludes with the prayer: “And may almighty God…” All respond: “Amen”
- C sprinkles the people with the blessed water, while all sing a song that is baptismal in character.
- After the sprinkling, C returns to the chair where, he leads the Prayers of the Faithful. (The Creed is omitted)
11. Liturgy of the Eucharist
– cb accompany the offertory procession towards the altar. Aside from the bread and wine, other gifts may be offered.
- C goes to the altar and begins the Liturgy of the Eucharist in the usual way.
- Preface I of Easter
– Eucharistic Prayer I (Roman Canon): communicantes & hanc igitur propria.
12. Communion Rite
13. Solemn Blessing
– proper for Easter
– C says: “Go forth, the Mass is ended, ALLELUIA, ALLELUIA!” All respond: “Thanks be to God, ALLELUIA, ALLELUIA!”
– the REGINA COELI may be sung
Things to prepare:
– Roman Missal (Exsultet, Proper, Proper Pf, Roman Canon)
– Gospel Book & Lectionary
– in the place where the Blessing of Fire will be held: Paschal Candle, Stylus, incense grains,Thurible, Incense Boat, tong, candle, Missal, lamp/flashlight
– on the credence table: Prepared Chalice, Ciboria filled with enough hosts, ewer and basin, 1 purificator, purifier bowl, book stand, tabernacle key,
– in the sanctuary: chairs for the servers, lectors and other ministers, adorned candle stand for the Paschal Candle, adorned jar of water to be blessed and holy water vat beside it for the sprinkling of holy water
– in the nave: table, ciboria filled with sufficient amount of bread, cruets & offerings
– in the sacristy: White vestments
– Unveiling of sacred images
“For a celebration so important as the most holy days of our liturgical calendar, being the center of our yearly liturgical celebration, nothing can be left for improvisation (i.e., performed, made, or done without preparation).”